C++ List Example

Tutorials, references, and examples are constantly reviewed to avoid errors, but we cannot warrant full correctness of all content. An Example. These instructional pages offer examples of reference list entries for different types of sources as well as guidance on the variations for citing online materials using doi numbers and URLs. __cplusplus. The examples run as applications or as non-GUI examples in Qt Creator. In this, there are two pointers. effect with a function in C or C++ because you aren't allowed to define a function inside another function. com is no longer available:. We can convert a List to an array of the same type using the instance method ToArray. Generic; class Program { static void Main() {// Populate example Dictionary. We already know that the C++ Standard Library (STL) implements a powerful string class. With Edraw Organizational Chart, you can create clear and comprehensive organizational charts with no prior experience. Easy Tutor says. It covers programs to perform various operations on single and multidimensional arrays and matrices. com Tech Archive Resources have been retired as part of the Hewlett Packard Enterprise acquisition of SGI. list intList; list* intListPtr = new list; If you want to know how lists work, I recommending googling for some C/C++ tutorials to gain an understanding of that subject. Friend function will be defined outside the class without specifying the class name. Make sure that you have CMake installed prior to running this example (go here for instructions). implement a template class of a singly linked list. The program output is also shown below. This example is slightly more complicated than the other display skip examples. At first this may seem like a never ending loop, or like a dog chasing its tail. The very simple hash table example. I was motivated to write this after I read Eric Niebler's thought-provoking Tiny Metaprogramming Library article. Example Programs Find and submit example programs for LabVIEW, LabWindows/CVI, Measurement Studio, and other NI software environments. An Example C++ Class. Simple XmlSerializer example. /* 1 getline ( intut_stream, str, delim ); Extracts characters from intut_stream and stores them in str until s. To create a 360-degree customer view, companies need to collect, store and analyze a plethora of data. Any C/C++ program should have at least one main function. First, create a new Windows Forms C# project, and then open the Toolbox and double-click on the ListBox item. The AP Physics C: Mechanics Exam will continue to have consistent question types, weighting, and scoring guidelines every year, so you and your students know what to expect on exam day. For a complete list of examples please consult Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. the list contain C++ language basic and simple source codes and examples. Review the project directory structure, a standard Maven project. The pointer always points to the next member of the list. This site offers C++ programming A linked list is a technique of creating a list with For example, a list that will be made of numbers can define The design of the node allows flexibility of storing any data type as the linked list data. C# Sort Listview Items By Columns The ListView control enables us to use sorting other than that provided by the Sorting property. But reading a set of BNF rules is difficult since you have to jump from one rule to the next one, maybe pages away from it. SELECT – List Given Records/Rows. In the linked list data structure, each node has a pointer to the next and/or previous node. Unmarked grave. A somewhat related example is templates that don't do much on their own, but have to forward all their arguments to some other template or function. The Syntax is to use the '&' in front of the parameter name in the function declaration. Changing the implementation of the Queue becomes relatively simple. Example: An existence map of ZIP codes between 00000 and 99999 can be kept in a list of 3125 integers (where each element requires about 15 bytes overall), while implementing the map as an array would take 100000 * 42 bytes in worst case, but still more than a bit vector if the population isn't extremely sparse — in that case, a list of 1-bit. June 16, 2019. Google Mock is an extension to Google Test for writing and using C++ mock classes. Here you can learn more than 100 C++ programming examples here, c++ programs, c++ programs list, c++ examples with explanation and outputs. We can move nodes from one list to another in constant time by mere pointer manipulation, and an empty list can simply have the memory cost of a single head pointer. CERF receives broad support from United Nations Member States, observers, regional governments and international organizations, the private sector and individuals. View All Articles. List Interface in Java with Examples The Java. Examples are in C# and VB. The previous chapters explained how you can use locales and the standard facet classes, and how you can build new facet classes. CSc 231 Python, Spring, 2018. * list_for_each_prev_safe - iterate over a list backwards safe against removal of list entry * @pos: the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor. Inserting single element to a List. This is the snippet Using Visual C++ from Visual Basic (Tutorial With Example) on FreeVBCode. I was motivated to write this after I read Eric Niebler's thought-provoking Tiny Metaprogramming Library article. Failed Connection Attempts will list connection tries or attempts not completed so there are no started connections which are 4; Reset Connections will list connections ended with RST TCP flag. x days, we use ArrayList for creating a collection of object or entity. Example showing some of the basic functionality of the matrix classes. Usually, this. But it is often used to find the area underneath the graph of a function like this: The integral of many functions are well known, and there are useful rules to work out the integral of more complicated functions. Feel free to use the source code on your system. This variant of FTDI's D2XXAccess example for Windows CE uses C++ to list devices, return description strings, open devices, set Baud rates, read data and write data. This collection of solved concept based examples on C++ programming will be very useful for beginners in C++ programming language. See the separate Google Mock. What are Templates in C++ ? Templates are the foundation of generic programming, which involves writing code in a way that is independent of any particular type. Let us now declare a node:. Example #6 list() with keys As of PHP 7. 05/31/2018; 2 minutes to read; In this article. ++ Increment Operator which increases. {int int_var = 42;. Will Medicare Pay For Breast Reduction Will Medicare Pay For Breast Reduction You will even want to make convinced that simple medical is certainly affordable with premiums that aren't way too high and thanks to pocket costs that will likely not increase with every single have a look at to a doctor or center. To understand and use various stream manipulators for C++ formatted I/O. The following list contains the projects newbies demand as an introductory dose for C++ Development,nobs usually find it difficult dealing the C++ project for the first time and make certain mistakes which can be rectified by the detailed documentation,and listed here are the projects with full documentation so it is easy for the first-timers to code. If you are not familiar with linked lists, just do a Google search on "linked list in C++", and you'll find many resources describing how to create one, and how it's used. This constructor has the same effect as list (static_cast < size_type > (first), static_cast < value_type > (last), a) if InputIt is an integral type. The application we are going to build will consist of three parts:. The C++ program is successfully compiled and run on a Linux system. 05/31/2018; 2 minutes to read; In this article. Programming / C. NET framework using managed C++. This is a sample console program in C++. A to Z | By category. Design patterns are solutions to software design problems you find again and again in real-world application development. Ch can interface with C/C++ binary libraries and be embedded in other application programs. In an S corporation, the profits are passed on to the shareholders, and are taxed based on personal returns. std::map is the C++ standard library implementation of a dictionary. Unlike "etc. The zero value for List is an empty list ready to use. List 3 examples of each ? a. Collected from Web. std::list is a container that supports constant time insertion and removal of elements from anywhere in the container. Integration can be used to find areas, volumes, central points and many useful things. This is an example C program for a doubly-linked list. shows single-row select and use of cursor; note that all C-language variables used in SQL statements are declared in the DECLARE SECTION. Alphabetize reference list entries beginning with a title using the primary word of the title (excluding a , an , and the ). C extension. The Standard Template Library's list container is implemented as a doubly linked list. Example 5B Detecting circular (loop) linked list (Generic Class with Template). This chapter is from the book For simplicity, let's abandon the standard library (not usually a good idea, by the way) and assume we have available a set. But if there is any mistake, please post the problem in contact form. We often encounter the following scanarios involving for-loops:. list intList; list* intListPtr = new list; If you want to know how lists work, I recommending googling for some C/C++ tutorials to gain an understanding of that subject. New samples are added daily in C#, VB. It offers abstractions that cost no (or minimum) run-time or memory overhead. Tested under MSVC++ 2003 and Comeau, but not guaranteed bug free. Bootstrap Examples Bootstrap is the most popular HTML, CSS, and JS framework for developing responsive, mobile first projects on the web. those that are written in Python, not those that are built-in). 3 List C Documents That Establish Employment Authorization The illustrations provided do not necessarily reflect the actual size of the documents. Here, we will declare Linked List Node, Insert Node at the beginning, Delete Node from beginning and display all linked list Nodes. C++ Template Class Example. There is a part of C++ developers that appreciate template metaprogramming. Probably the most fundamental type of list of values can be created, and managed, as an array. Feel free to use the source code on your system. You might wonder why there are both list and vector containers in the STL -- the reason is that the underlying representations are different, and each representation has its own costs and benefits. The aim of this list of programming languages is to include all notable programming languages in existence, both those in current use and historical ones, in alphabetical order. Pairs are not mutable (but see Mutable Pairs and Lists). I was a curious lad, and looked to see what the article was about. You cannot iterate that way over set for example. An expression is a statement that has both a value and a type. Java List tutorial and examples for beginners. So for example, a List of integers would work as follows: List < int > intList = new List < int >(); intList. THE CALCULUS PAGE PROBLEMS LIST Problems and Solutions Developed by : D. You can use __cplusplus to test whether a header is compiled by a C compiler or a C++ compiler. Hello, World! Using GNAT I/O Numeric constants and expressions Simple Subrange Types and Subtypes Enumerated Types I/O With Enumerated Types Calculator Program. Supply it with a ListObjectsRequest that you set with the name of a bucket to list the contents of. Feel free to ask for help at the Library’s Reference/Information Desk (585-785-1432) or at the Write Place (585-785-1601). a force causing an object to stop moving c. Java List tutorial and examples for beginners. My goal is to create a List lInventory which will be a list of lists of the type String or string. Hi, I'm a beginner to C++. C++ List Tutorial With Example | List in C++ Standard Template Library (STL) is today’s topic. com for questions, discussions, and development. Uses the Microsoft Graph API to list Outlook mail folders. Dear Miss Manners: I am Caucasian, raising my two biracial granddaughters. It is different than the STL list which is more generic in nature. I hope the code samples below show that you can easily work with C++ and JSON files. The singly-linked list is the easiest of the linked list, which has one link per node. I was a curious lad, and looked to see what the article was about. Thus, the example does not do justice to this feature, and if you wanted generic portable code without "for each" you’d have to write: typedef container shorter;. var dict = new Dictionary(); dict. Here are links to the Python code discussed in lecture. Collected from Web. com for questions, discussions, and development. This section contains a whole examples using the various bootstrap components and its features. Alphabetize reference list entries beginning with a title using the primary word of the title (excluding a , an , and the ). Example 5B Detecting circular (loop) linked list (Generic Class with Template). It uses simple hash function, collisions are resolved using linear probing (open addressing strategy) and hash table has constant size. Don’t get me wrong, we must remain. But you might not know what good extracurricular activities look like or what you should be spending your time on. // IMPORTANT: To compile this example, you must add to the project. A complete reference for writing makefiles from simple to advanced features. C# / C Sharp Forums on Bytes. Where they excel is that we can split a list into two lists, for example, by simply storing a new pointer and manipulating a pointer or two. 0 Standard C++ Library If a little dreaming is dangerous, the cure for it is not to dream less but to dream more, to dream all the time. Before learning C++, you must have the basic knowledge of C. L ook at these examples to see the detailed syntax. : large dimensional linear algebra, parallel computation, partial differential equations), commercial/opensource nature, readability of API, portability or. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. Basic Arrays Primes by Seive Array Aggregates Two-Dimensional Array Array of Arrays Array Slicing Skip. A linked list is held using a local pointer variable which points to the first item of the list. You can also practice a good number of questions from practice section. C++ Solved programs —-> C++ is a powerful general-purpose programming language. The number of possible codes, then, is the sum of all the combinations of 5 things -- except not taking any, 5 C 0 , which is 1. We will use SELECT which will print all columns with * or columns we provide. C++ templates allow one to implement a generic Queue template that has a type parameter T. Let us now declare a node:. Each link contains a connection to another link. The following are CLIST examples and operator commands that submit the CLIST examples. The Standard Template Library's list container is implemented as a doubly linked list. For example,. C extension is that it is indistinguishable from the. One could imagine a solution based in methods such as getFirst() and getNext(); however, the designers of the Standard Template Library wanted to provide a. List of c++ Programs 1. C++ aims to be a language for people working close to metal. They are a perfect example of the "famous for being famous" paradox. The C# List class in. I suggest that you use a C++ compiler such as g++ which allows the following pass by reference syntax (a much more modern style). That is, in the course of the function definition there is a call to that very same function. In the linked list data structure, each node has a pointer to the next and/or previous node. 67 or greater. The book can be ordered directly from Springer as well as from Amazon and other book sellers. Oracle® is a registered trademark of Oracle® Corporation and/or its affiliates. • The fundamentals of C! • Deterministic finite state automata (DFA)! • Expectations for programming assignments! • Why?! • The fundamentals of C provide a foundation for the systematic coverage of C that will follow! • DFA are useful in many contexts (e. Tutorials, references, and examples are constantly reviewed to avoid errors, but we cannot warrant full correctness of all content. Our C++ tutorial is designed to help beginners and professionals. We often encounter the following scanarios involving for-loops:. This is a short primer on the STL or "Standard Template Library" for the programming language C++ as defined in the 1997 standard. List all rows for that station ID. A binary heap (min-heap) is a complete binary tree with elements from a partially ordered set, such that the element at every node is less than (or equal to) the the element at it's left and right child. Instead, this is a sample project. For example, if you are applying for a job as an engineer, don’t say your weakness is a particular engineering course. Once you have completed your bibliography or reference list, it’s time to export it! You can copy and paste your citations from Cite This For Me into your paper, project, or document. NET represents a collection of strongly typed objects that can be accessed by index. S This web project is using Spring MVC frameworks v3. Parse and Load a list/vector of objects from JSON; Write code and run a live example of C++ and JsonCpp to load and save JSON; JsonCpp is a good solid C++ library to work with. This variant of FTDI's D2XXAccess example for Windows CE uses C++ to list devices, return description strings, open devices, set Baud rates, read data and write data. This example clearly shows the basics of hashing technique. Easy Tutor says. Mirror an entire website with wget Spider Websites with Wget – 20 Practical Examples. The list is a sequence container available with STL(Standard Template Library) in C++. In the main function, we create an object of this class and call these functions. There are two types of linked list; singly-linked list, and doubly-linked list. Basically, the Standard Template Library provides templatized, general-purpose classes as well as methods. All rights reserved. Currently, Python supports function attributes only on Python functions (i. These are working programs written in ANSI C that illustrate how one can easily read, write, and modify FITS files using the CFITSIO library. But you can get a similar effect with a lambda by "capturing" variables that are currently in local block scope1 when the lambda is created. In C++, I/O is performed by using streams. This collection of solved concept based examples on C++ programming will be very useful for beginners in C++ programming language. , Assignment 1)! • How?! • Through some examples…!. C extension is that it is indistinguishable from the. Finally, the new node has its x value set. List Interface is part of java 1. To initialize a const variable, we use initialization list. Uses the Microsoft Graph API to list Outlook mail folders. A list, b list, and c list celebrities? Okay so I'm a little curious about a list , b list, and c list celebrities could you give me some examples of each? And also is there a d list or anything else?. Persistent Memory Programming Part 5: A C++ Example. There are three directories involved. Robocopy (Robust File Copy) is a command-line file copy utility that comes with Windows Vista / Windows 2008 or newer. This example clearly shows the basics of hashing technique. 2 and java 1. Why to use a List. Each example program contains a header with instructions on how to run the example, and if necessary, the wiring instructions for interfacing external devices. Parse and Load a list/vector of objects from JSON; Write code and run a live example of C++ and JsonCpp to load and save JSON; JsonCpp is a good solid C++ library to work with. C++ : How to copy / clone a STL List or Sub List Python : Get number of elements in a list, lists of lists or nested list How to remove Substrings from a String in C++. As you can see, the dir command was executed from the root directory of C (i. 1 An Example of Formatting Phone Numbers. That is, in the course of the function definition there is a call to that very same function. I’ll explain the sample application, show you typical first shot at Distinct , explain why it won’t work as you expect, and then demonstrate a solution to make Distinct work with any custom class. In this tutorial, we learn how to use the C# List class to add, find, sort, reverse, and search items in a collection of objects using List class methods and properties. If you require zero-overhead abstractions, std::initializer_list may not be a tool for you. You can also mail a letter to a U. The top level directory has two subdirectories called. One of the distinguishing characteristics of a stack, and the thing that makes it useful, is the order in which elements come out of a stack. Generic; class Program { static void Main() {// Populate example Dictionary. In C++11 new overloaded constructor of std::list is introduced that can receive an initializer_list as argument and can initialize list elements with a copy of elements in initializer_list i. C++ Programming Examples with Output - All C++ Programs. This collection of solved basic and difficult examples on C++ programming will be very useful for beginners in C++ programming language. Basic Data Types: Hello, World! Simple Numeric Computation:. Folding expressions. a + b = b + a. For example, the template base class in the Factorial example below is implemented by matching 0 rather than with an inequality test, which was previously unavailable. The examples run as applications or as non-GUI examples in Qt Creator. But it is often used to find the area underneath the graph of a function like this: The integral of many functions are well known, and there are useful rules to work out the integral of more complicated functions. The very simple hash table example. This example clearly shows the basics of hashing technique. An FAQ list is a collection of questions commonly asked on Usenet, together with presumably definitive answers, provided in an attempt to keep repeated questions on the newsgroup down to a low background drone so that. We can move nodes from one list to another in constant time by mere pointer manipulation, and an empty list can simply have the memory cost of a single head pointer. Editors: Bjarne Stroustrup; Herb Sutter; This is a living document under continuous improvement. People are specified using the People QML type built in the previous. list intList; list* intListPtr = new list; If you want to know how lists work, I recommending googling for some C/C++ tutorials to gain an understanding of that subject. As an example, we can implement a list of high scores for a game as a linked list. List is a child interface of Collection. C++ Standard List Insert () Examples 1. /* 1 getline ( intut_stream, str, delim ); Extracts characters from intut_stream and stores them in str until s. a + b = b + a. The residents also contend that Hometown America has failed to properly maintain the park, and presented a list of what they said were examples, including improperly maintained roads, walkways. • The fundamentals of C! • Deterministic finite state automata (DFA)! • Expectations for programming assignments! • Why?! • The fundamentals of C provide a foundation for the systematic coverage of C that will follow! • DFA are useful in many contexts (e. When designing templates class, it is a good idea not to repeat the template arguments just about everywhere, just in case you wish to (one day) change a particular detail. Without specifying where exactly to list the folder and file contents from, the dir command defaults to displaying this information from where the command was executed. c++ documentation: Basic regex_match and regex_search Examples. Example 7: When you use a normal foreach statement, you can’t modify items while iterating over the collection. Minimalistic C client for Redis >= 1. Method names, for example, start with a lowercase letter and use camel case for multiple words; for example, doSomething or doSomethingElse. The home of Standard C++ on the web — news, status and discussion about the C++ standard on all compilers and platforms. This page contains the C++ solved programs/examples with solutions, here we are providing most important programs on each topic. Fast random access is not supported. It is necessary to ensure that the last element is printed after the while loop terminates. The C++ Standard Template Library. While trivial, this function is sufficient to illustrate how to use the variable arguments facility. It uses standard malloc/realloc memory allocation functions and simple "doubling size" resizing strategy. Friend function must be declare in all the classes from which we need to access private or protected members. Example Articles & Resources. In the directory. In this article, I'll explain implementation of only singly linked list. These snippets provide a brief overview on the API. " is very seldom read as a full Latin phrase. It uses lines 10-15 to insert an equation number either on the left or on the right of the display. To create a 360-degree customer view, companies need to collect, store and analyze a plethora of data. Container is an object that holds data of same type. Feel free to ask for help at the Library’s Reference/Information Desk (585-785-1432) or at the Write Place (585-785-1601). explicit(bool) is a C++20 feature for simplifying the implementation of generic types and improving compile-time performance. In this Module we will discuss how this formatted I/O implemented in C++ by using member functions and stream manipulators. For example:. It is different than the STL list which is more generic in nature. It has imperative, object-oriented and generic programming features, while also providing facilities for low-level memory manipulation. Singly-linked list. An inventory list is the absolute best buddy of businessmen and store owners. This is a short primer on the STL or "Standard Template Library" for the programming language C++ as defined in the 1997 standard. C++ Standard List Insert () Examples 1. S This web project is using Spring MVC frameworks v3. Contribute to redis/hiredis development by creating an account on GitHub. {int int_var = 42;. One of these pointers points to the next node and the other points to the previous node. A function must either be declared or defined before it is used. It may be declared first and defined later. The C++ programming language allows programmers to separate program-specific datatypes through the use of classes. Sample C++ Programs. The following pages give a brief description of the eleven analysis of variance designs which StatPac can analyze along with simple examples and the statistical tests for each of these designs. For example () = {→ → does pattern matching on the function's arguments and means that g(x) is defined as a, and g(y) is defined as b. The number of possible codes, then, is the sum of all the combinations of 5 things -- except not taking any, 5 C 0 , which is 1. A list of standard C++ header files is in the standard headers reference tables. var dict = new Dictionary(); dict. Example 5A Detecting circular (loop) linked list. Collections. List is a generic type. The singly-linked list is the easiest of the linked list, which has one link per node. * The role associated with editing text is specified. Embedded SQL C Program Example Embedded C program to do the following: Starting with a station name (Denver, in this example), look up the station ID. This List Odd Numbers Java Example shows how to find and list odd numbers between 1 and any given number. Summary The sample code below illustrates how to use the list::list STL functions in Visual C++. Basically, the Standard Template Library provides templatized, general-purpose classes as well as methods. Out of four methods, we have an implementation of two methods and we need derived class to implement other two methods. a + b = b + a. Friend function must be declared with friend keyword. Variables are used in C++ where you will need to store any type of values within a program and whose value can be changed during the program execution. implement a template class of a singly linked list. For example, many operating system mentioned below also use assembly language. SELECT – List Given Records/Rows. These items are connected using pointers in a sequential manner. These are a few small programs that illustrate various issues for beginning programmers. ext /s Search for the file. Collections. For complete programs, check the examples directory of your Connector/C++ installation Please also read the README file in that directory. Example of using enum in C++ abstract enum (enumeration) is a user-defined type consisting of a set of enumerators( enumerator --- named integer constant). Here, "_Where" parameter is expecting 4. ) To print a linked list, the traversal function is almost the same. Method(s) used to value closing inventory: a. Updated: This post was updated 11th April 2019. numLists or List. Here is an example of defining a list called numbers which holds integers. In the above example, the first statement uses List type variable, whereas the second statement uses IList type variable. By default, the allocator class template is used, which defines the simplest memory allocation model and is value-independent. In this Module we will discuss how this formatted I/O implemented in C++ by using member functions and stream manipulators. Add(3, true); dict. max_size() characters have been extracted, the end of file occurs, or delim is encountered, in which case delim is extracted from istr but is not stored in s 2 getline( Iter, str ) Inputs a string value for str as in the preceding func­ tion with delim = */. This program describes and demonstrates Singly Linked List Example Program in C++ with sample output,definition,syntax. List Objects. Supporting functions for this Hub. But there are many differences between them because of their internal implementation i. In order to get the length of an array, we have used the sizeof operator. Next step would then be learning enough C++ to create a list class, and finally a list template class. The “ul” is a list with one hyperlink per item. Category A Definition. Therefore, 5 is inserted before the first element of the list using insert() function. Computer Programming - C++ Programming Language - Data Structures Sample Codes - Build a C++ Program with C++ Code Examples - Learn C++ Programming. , it is the last node in the list. Running into some trouble with the List insert function. An FAQ list is a collection of questions commonly asked on Usenet, together with presumably definitive answers, provided in an attempt to keep repeated questions on the newsgroup down to a low background drone so that. The following list of C++ template libraries details the various libraries of templates available for the C++ programming language. c# exception list,c exceptions list,c exception list,c sharp exception handling,c sharp exception,exception c sharp,c exceptions best practices,exception c sharp,c# exception list. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: