C3640 Ik9o3s Mz 124 13 Bin

Cisco Router IOS images can also be obtained from the manufacturer’s website or from any source. 3, and Figure 1. rar http://sdlc-esd. bin:是这个IOS软件后缀。. c3725-adventerprisek9-mz. c3660-a3jk9s-mz. we don't know the code in this IOS file, but we know what's inside the vHswitch Dynamips. June 13, 2018. 4、SecureCRT 6. cisco IOS (史上最全下载) CISCO IOS下载(看见过最多的IOS共享了) 外国网站 速度有点慢 大家将就吧 链接地址 点Free 然后选服务器 然后输入 验证码下载 注:如果需要下载,建议在IOS地址链接上点右键,用下载工具下载. bin c7200-ik9s-mz. unzip-c3640-ik9o3s-mz. bin: 2011-Jan-30 17:34:18: 18. bin" As you can see from title i find out that router cpu overloaded with usage of IP NAT Ager proc. My question was about running openvswitch on the vHswitch Dynamips. txt), PDF File (. bin - IP/FW/IDS PLUS IPSEC 3DES No, because it is still 12. 13 Replies Latest reply: Apr 5, 2009 3:58 As far as equipment goes I personally used a pair of my 3640 routers with the c3640-ik9o3s-mz. Forum discussion: I'm a newbie when it comes to VOIP I have a cisco 3640 and i'm trying to install CME on it. com 手机版 粤ICP备19062912号 如搜索结果侵犯了您的相关权益请来邮通知,本站将根据相关法律规定采取措施断开相关搜索结果: [email protected] #3 - RAM and Cards. CCNP Security SISAS 300-208 Official Cert Guide is a comprehensive self-study tool for preparing for the latest CCNP Security SISAS exam. org cost some bucks every months. c3640-ik9o3s-mz[1]. bin AND the feature set name must contain the word PLUS. bin The version of cme is 3. bin c7200-h1is-mz. Download c3640 a3js mz 124. c3640-ik9o3s-mz. 13-domestic. bin c7200-ik9s-mz. 4下载 1700http://rapidshare. sau đó nhấn ok. 镜像文件存储在国外服务器,遇到503. My question was about running openvswitch on the vHswitch Dynamips. 10 以上版本解压本站资源。 2、本站上所有资源均为网友收集上传。本站所有资源仅供学习和研究使用,不得用于任何商业用途。. c1600-sy-mz. As you can at the very top of the window, we are installing c1700-adventerprisek9-mz. Cisco IOS Release 12. 4(19b), RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1) System image file is "flash:c3640-ik9o3s-mz. bin 13 MB c2600-ik9o3s-mz. bin c2600-is-mz. bin [to run GNS3 Vault exercises] c7200-adventerprisek9-mz. c3640-ik9o3s-mz[1]. 1, including powerful simulation, visualization, authoring, assessment, and collaboration capabilities, will help to solve problems, and learn concepts in an engaging and dynamic social environment. Manufacturers release new version of their appliance everyday. bin " This product contains cryptographic features and is subject to United States and local country laws governing import, export, transfer and use. x trains the first part of course is the router itself. Labs of Network Bulls. Torrent Info for ios, infohash=0171480cbc08aa04e62659f0db463cb7181603805cb028705fd24125deed0260a1a9368e348174907f556e252b8a435d. Phiên bản nâng cấp mang tên mã Windows Blue cần khắc phục những nhược điểm như ứng dụng cảm ứng không linh hoạt, thiếu nút Shut down h. bin文件的下载地址 我来答 新人答题领红包. Merci ! The services of lagout. If say you use c3640-jk9s-mz. bin //pub/c7600s3223-advipservicesk9-mz. I am looking for: c7200-jk9o3s-mz. f1/13 = SW3 f1/13 f1/14 = SW2 f1/14 f1/15 = SW2 f1/15 x = 285. bin c4000-ajs-mz. کتاب‌های آموزشی شبکه‌های کامپیوتری و مجازی سازی و برنامه نویسی و سیسکو سنتر فرشید باباجانی. Cisco IOS - C3640-Jsx-Mz 123-6. 1, including powerful simulation, visualization, authoring, assessment, and collaboration capabilities, will help to solve problems, and learn concepts in an engaging and dynamic social environment. com/files/408201082/CCNA_Portable_Command_Guide. @hjalti-atlason said in Understand and Apply Subnetting Part 2 - Default gateway:. bin,功能较单一,所以只有chap,ms-chap和pap认证,其它功能强的IOS,比如说c7200-ik9o3s-mz. Merci ! The services of lagout. ip base - начальный уровень функциональности, включается во все другие наборы. Скачали файл? Поставьте лайк! Не дайте торренту умереть:. bin Download; 2 » c7200p-boot-mz. bin [to run Cisco Adaptive Security Appliances] jinstall-9. Pour qu'ils continuent, les dons sont les bienvenus. bin c7200-h1is-mz. IOS 下载地址 cisco ios 下载 下载地址 下载 地址 jar下载地址 Toad下载地址 包下载地址 jQuery下载地址 Oracle下载地址 maven下载地址 下载地址 下载地址 jad. IP路由协议卷一第2版(中文). # sudo alien mc-4. C2691 Advipservicesk9 Mz 124 25d Bin Rapidshare bit. But ideally, before you start you will have copies of: c3725-adventerprisek9-mz. Click here to --> Download Download Router IOS Images: IOS Router Series 1700 2610. Torrent Info for ios, infohash=0171480cbc08aa04e62659f0db463cb7181603805cb028705fd24125deed0260a1a9368e348174907f556e252b8a435d. c3640-jk9s-mz. bin c7200-ik9o3s-mz. bin (128 MB memory) Jongeren tussen de 13 en 18 jaar wordt. نوشته اصلی توسط sybarite سلام با توجه به : Cross-Platform Release Notes for Cisco IOS Release 12. IOS list for CISCO Router. bin c7200-h1is-mz. not in Qemu or any other VM. bin ios image supports most of the switch commands. 下载说明: 1、推荐使用WinRAR v3. PROYECTO FINAL. bin [to run Cisco Adaptive. bin c7200-is-mz. If the GNS3 VM's status indicator is in grey or in red in the Server Summary section, If the GNS3 VM's screen is similar to Figure 1. bin… had to run it on 7200 to get the RR to work. bin 62 MB / 2016-12-16 / 文件 / hengzongvip 其它 点击去百度网盘下载资源 查看Ta分享的其它资源. bin c1600-y-l. [BIN] torrent download,torrent hash is a93deaa6d1b40f1717a8ac4a31e899dfd526bf17. Tasks + Enable OSPF on all interfaces of R2, R3, R4, R5 using only one command on each router. 주의 : 이미지 경로에는 공백이나 한글이 들어가면 error가 날 확율이 높습니다. C3660 A3jk9s Mz 124 25c. #3 - RAM and Cards. c7200-advipservicesk9-mz. SpanningTree(STP)协定 18. bin (128 MB memory) Jongeren tussen de 13 en 18 jaar wordt. Pour qu'ils continuent, les dons sont les bienvenus. Big Collection Torrent Download Locations Click the yellow " Download " button on the right to download the. As So Many Users Requested CCNA DUMPS So Here i will given Link This Dumps Is From Actual Test Latest version please Don't waste your time to find Here and There For Any Other Dumps As i get this Dumps From Trusted Source i Am Pretty sure this Dumps Is Enough For CCNA 640-802 Preparation Please share Your Views on this website. For this lab, we will be using the Cisco. It's include many fixes and drivers and fell free to experiment. Hi dear all, that's really a great to share my hard work with you , After a lots of hit in Google I finally found trick to search Cisco IOS in free of course. bin, then when i load your lab, GNS3 will ask me: do you wanna use c3640-ik9o3s-mz. - Bạn chon đường dẫn đến thư mục Dynamips. Continued on the post GRE Tunnel in GNS3 Same topology as GRE one: R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7 all uses same IOS : c3640-ik9o3s-mz. torrent files directly from the indexed sites. bin > -rw-r--r-- 1 root wheel 34113584 Jul 13 08:28 c3640-jk9s-mz. bin [to run Cisco Adaptive Security Appliances] jinstall-9. All 10 routers running with IGP and BGP configured at 80-90%. C2691 Advipservicesk9 Mz 124 25d Bin Rapidshare bit. 实行可变动长度子网(VLSM). If you can't buy original routers and switches, GNS3 is your rescue. 다른 표현을 사용해주시기 바랍니다. 1 when setting up a Cisco router?. bin > -rw-r--r-- 1 root wheel 34113584 Jul 13 08:28 c3640-jk9s-mz. @hjalti-atlason said in Understand and Apply Subnetting Part 2 - Default gateway:. c1600-sy-mz. bin " This product contains cryptographic features and is subject to United States and local country laws governing import, export, transfer and use. bin )不支持。 也就是说目前 GNS3 上面的 3640 都不支持此特性 3725T5 ( unzip-c3725-adventerprisek9-mz. BhanvraaLove And Aggressions Full Movie 1080p c3660 a3jk9s mz 124 25c bin, c3640 i mz 124 25d bin download, c3600 adventerprisek9 sna mz 151 1 xb. bin 29 Mb bin c3725-adventerprisek9-mz. com/files/408201082/CCNA_Portable_Command_Guide. But you can configure cisco router image to run as a swich. x trains the first part of course is the router itself. com]抓取的c3660-ik9o3s-mz[1]. bin c2600-is-mz. bin百度云盘下载,收藏和分享。 c2600-ik9o3s-mz. 4 IOS as they provide full command support. Dynamips based cisco virtual lab PC is one of the most common resources in lab. bin is Cisco IOS bare-metal switch operating system, that can run on the virtual hardware Dynamips. bin c7200-adventerprisek9-mz. bin to run IPv6 EIGRP. bin, then when i load your lab, GNS3 will ask me: do you wanna use c3640-ik9o3s-mz. IP路由协议卷一第2版(中文). bin c7200-ik9s-mz. Hi dear all, that's really a great to share my hard work with you , After a lots of hit in Google I finally found trick to search Cisco IOS in free of course. But now that we can attach files, here it is. rar然后在解压出来 这样dynamips在载入的时候就快了 K8 K9是支持VPN 的 c3640-i-mz. Simba says: October 13, 2014 at 18:43. bin百度网盘下载,c2600-ik9o3s-mz. 자신의 컴퓨터에서 실제 IOS이미지가 위치한 경로를 적어줍니다. net ในหัวข้อ idlepc= หรือ ดูในไฟล์ dynagenidledb. bin c2600-is-mz. Also this point of Naveed is also correct saying that “client 1 has got an IP lease before these changes happens” so that is why may be in exam its getting ip but unable to ping 10. 13ms 建议反馈 帮助中心 投诉或建议请来邮: [email protected] Send here, share. Forum discussion: I'm a newbie when it comes to VOIP I have a cisco 3640 and i'm trying to install CME on it. For example, (C3725-IK9S-M) or (C3640-IS56I-M) are IPSec versions. - c3725-adventerprisek9-mz. 4 de maintenance release y 6 como individual release). # sudo alien mc-4. You may also simply add another router (preferably c1700) to your topology and configure it to act like a PC. É sempre melhor usar 12,4 IOS como eles fornecem suporte comando completo. در صورتی که برای اولین بار از این سایت بازدید میکنید, لازم است تا راهنمای سایت را مطالعه فرمایید. BIN资源链接,您可以保存到百度云网盘或者下载到电脑硬盘,本站并不保存该资源,请自行判断文件的安全,建议在打开文件之前运行百度杀毒。. 29 then try to make sure if the DHCP option is checked in the host-only adapter and adapter is correctly set up as shown in the Figure 1. bin //pub/c7600s3223-advipservicesk9-mz. bin AND the feature set name must contain the word PLUS. Download c3640 a3js mz 124. 转载请注明: Csco IOS (史上最全下载) | 学步园 +复制链接. IOS list for CISCO Router. Download Cisco. 10 以上版本解压本站资源。 2、本站上所有资源均为网友收集上传。本站所有资源仅供学习和研究使用,不得用于任何商业用途。. CISCO IOS Download LIST - Free download as Text File (. bin c7200-is-mz. The c3640-ik9o3s-mz. com/files/218066881/ios. If the GNS3 VM’s status indicator is in grey or in red in the Server Summary section, If the GNS3 VM’s screen is similar to Figure 1. 4 (17) torrent or any other torrent from category. There are many IOS images of different networks devices on the web, but some of them are the most used on GNS3, to do the networking exercises to practice or prepare CCNA, CCNA or even CCIE and real Labs of networking as if you were working with real network devices, since the images come with all the features supported , for example by a physical router or switch. Скачали файл? Поставьте лайк! Не дайте торренту умереть:. bin c7200-ik9s-mz. How to reinvent yourself as a Network Engineer? If you are looking for getting trained under the best in the industry and in labs that provide you with real-life life training environment on dedication tracks, we will be glad to have you on board. System image file is "flash:c3640-ik9o3s-mz. Login Sign Up Sign Up. GNS3 Supported IOS Images Download. pdf) or read online for free. bin c7200-io3s-mz. Watching Understand and Apply Subnetting Part 2 Made me think what would be the default gateway in this example (when splitting a network into 4 smaller networks)Is it assigned by the admin to for example 192. rar然后在解压出来 这样dynamips在载入的时候就快了 K8 K9是支持VPN 的 c3640-i-mz. cisco(思科)ios镜像c1700-advipservicesk9-mz. com]抓取的c3660-ik9o3s-mz[1]. @hjalti-atlason said in Understand and Apply Subnetting Part 2 - Default gateway:. com 手机版 粤ICP备19062912号 如搜索结果侵犯了您的相关权益请来邮通知,本站将根据相关法律规定采取措施断开相关搜索结果: [email protected] C2691 Advipservicesk9 Mz 124 25d Bin Rapidshare bit. http://rapidshare. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. bin to run IPv6 EIGRP. bin ==>0x607117d4 Looks like the post in the forum ate all the indentation, which Python relies on of course. New NAT Commands 3. 13 Replies Latest reply: Apr 5, 2009 3:58 As far as equipment goes I personally used a pair of my 3640 routers with the c3640-ik9o3s-mz. Download c2600 ipbasek9 mz 124 15 t13 bin using General-Search. wisefox 发表于 2011-3-3 20:04:27 [03. org cost some bucks every months. bin [to run GNS3 Vault exercises] c7200-adventerprisek9-mz. bin c4500-boot-mz. 3 Full Setup with Tutorials Cisco Packet Tracer good networking simulator introduced by Cisco. 3 between Flax and Silk respectively (even when i loaded the final configs from Rene). HUB GNS3 VM c3640-ik9o3s-mz. bin, then when i load your lab, GNS3 will ask me: do you wanna use c3640-ik9o3s-mz. System image file is "flash:c3640-ik9o3s-mz. Merci ! The services of lagout. c3640-ik9o3s-mz. 3 when I do a show. leanote-bin Leanote Binary Only Repository Source code on Github: 2019-10-13 See Project. This means we are installing IOS version 12. First you will need to download the Cisco IOS image "c3640-a3js-mz. Download c2800nm advsecurityk91 mz 124 24 t bin using General-Search. Se você não pode comprar originais roteadores e switches, GNS3 é o seu resgate. 2 mainline You need 12. bin'' from the UCI-ICS masterhit network drive (network_lab directory, cisco folder). 4下载 1700http://rapidshare. c7200-advipservicesk9-mz. 07MB) ] 购买主题 已有 1 人购买 本主题需向作者支付 10 金币 才能浏览. c3640-jk9o3s-mz. Delivery of Cisco cryptographic products does not imply third-party authority to import, export, distribute or use encryption. 3 Full Setup with Tutorials Cisco Packet Tracer good networking simulator introduced by Cisco. bin [to run some GNS3 Vault exercises] asa842-k8. torrent files directly from the indexed sites. Скачали файл? Поставьте лайк! Не дайте торренту умереть:. I know this has been asked before, but I 103965. bin c2600-is-mz. we don't know the code in this IOS file, but we know what's inside the vHswitch Dynamips. not in Qemu or any other VM. CCNA_Portable_Command_Guide http://rapidshare. Can't Ping between Routers with dynamips?can you help pls i add my config. bin - IP/FW/IDS PLUS IPSEC 3DES No, because it is still 12. Merci ! The services of lagout. 13 Replies Latest reply: Apr 5, 2009 3:58 As far as equipment goes I personally used a pair of my 3640 routers with the c3640-ik9o3s-mz. bin c7200-is-mz. 81 MB 17xx/c1700-advipservicesk9-mz. adamlarimiz var, hallederiz :) [QUOTE=jojopachaa;9883]teşekkürler nasıl buldun bukadarını bide arap sitesinden helal sana vallah ellerin gözlerin dert görmesin[/QUOTE]. Login Sign Up Sign Up. 29 then try to make sure if the DHCP option is checked in the host-only adapter and adapter is correctly set up as shown in the Figure 1. Cisco IOS 12. Se você não pode comprar originais roteadores e switches, GNS3 é o seu resgate. 200 Ios Images For All Cisco Routers Series!!! Cisco IOS 를 다운로드 할 수 있는 사이트입니다. ini ของ dynagen ก็ได้. 1561 rapidshare c2800nm advsecurityk91 mz 124 links available for free instant download. C3640 A3js Mz 124 25d Bin. 该文档贡献者很忙,什么也没留下。. bin均可实现模拟交换机的效果。但是很多的交换机上的命令还是不能使用的,比如说在全局模式下的“vlan XX” 就不能使用,还要用“vlan database”来代替。. bin Cisco(思科)IOS镜像文件由多位CCIE水平人员测试使用无问题后拷贝,Dynamips(dy)模拟器下绝对可以稳定使用,如果您不会配置这个模拟器,请不要说是IOS的问题,这样会误. PROYECTO FINAL. 13-domestic. bin c7200-ik9o3s-mz. bin" image…its really stable on Windows 8. pdf) or read online for free. bin 13 MB c2600-ik9o3s-mz. 124-7 It supports All sort of VPNS and New Access lists, 2. If there is no "download" button, click the torrent name to view torrent source pages and download there. - Bước tiếp theo bạn add HDH IOS bằng cách: Vào Exit -> IOS images and hypervisors /IOS images. GNS3 Supported IOS Images Download. IP路由协议卷一第2版(中文). نوشته اصلی توسط sybarite سلام با توجه به : Cross-Platform Release Notes for Cisco IOS Release 12. I have some of them as I own the routers. 10 以上版本解压本站资源。 2、本站上所有资源均为网友收集上传。本站所有资源仅供学习和研究使用,不得用于任何商业用途。. bin Cisco(思科)IOS镜像文件由多位CCIE水平人员测试使用无问题后拷贝,Dynamips(dy)模拟器下绝对可以稳定使用,如果您不会配置这个模拟器,请不要说是IOS的问题,这样会误. com]抓取的C3660-JK. My question was about running openvswitch on the vHswitch Dynamips. zip hxxp://rapidshare. com/files/8762790/c1100-k9w7-tar. bin c2600-is-mz. 4 MB: Executable * c3725-adventerprisek9-mz. دانلود IOS - Internetwork Operating System. C2691 Advipservicesk9 Mz 124 25d Bin Rapidshare bit. The c3640-ik9o3s-mz. ext size dir. Cisco Files in this torrent could contain viruses. bin ios image supports most of the switch commands. bin Cisco(思科)IOS镜像文件由多位CCIE水平人员测试使用无问题后拷贝,Dynamips(dy)模拟器下绝对可以稳定使用,如果您不会配置这个模拟器,请不要说是IOS的问题,这样会误. C2691 Advipservicesk9 Mz 124 25d Bin Rapidshare bit. bin" This product contains cryptographic features and is subject to United States and local country laws governing import, export, transfer and use. 13ms 建议反馈 帮助中心 投诉或建议请来邮: [email protected] bin Network Bulls is offering Cisco Training courses on real Cisco Routers and Switches. rar that can. bin c4500-boot-mz. bin [to run GNS3 Vault exercises] c7200-adventerprisek9-mz. So without talking much here are the link where you can free download Cisco ios image and you can upload or use this ios to the router and as well as in GNS3. CCNA_Portable_Command_Guide http://rapidshare. 29 then try to make sure if the DHCP option is checked in the host-only adapter and adapter is correctly set up as shown in the Figure 1. SW1(config-if)#switchport ? access Set access mode characteristics of the interface. bin in the place of c3640-jk9s-mz. Power Amp Npe C3600 เกี่ยวกับ Power Amp Npe C3600 และ Power Amp Npe C3600 ที่ [ตลาดใหญ่™]. Merci ! The services of lagout. CISCO IOS Download LIST - Free download as Text File (. ip base - начальный уровень функциональности, включается во все другие наборы. 9 MB: Executable * c3725-adventerprisek9-mz. f1/13 = SW3 f1/13 f1/14 = SW2 f1/14 f1/15 = SW2 f1/15 x = 285. 3600 Software (C3640-IK9O3S-M), Version 12. bin: 2011-Jan-30 13:34:19. bin ios记忆体和压缩格式:. bin" line because it is possible that the file may have been renamed. bin //pub/c7600s3223-advipservicesk9-mz. 课课家:今天,小编主要给大家介绍包括全局配置模式、配置路由名称、设置特权密码、Console线路密码、AUX线路密码、配置远程访问、设置路由接口IP等等的Cisco路由器基础命令。. x Collection Its always better to use latest IOS versions, as they provide full command support. 3, and Figure 1. Cisco Internetwork Operating System IOS + CatOS + IOS XR + IOS XE. bin ปรกติแล้วค่า idlepc จะสามารถดูได้ในไฟล์. 当您购买某资源并发现该资源存在问题,即可标识退豆原因并申请无理由退豆,该退豆申请不需要系统或卖家审核即会立即生效,但请注意您的退豆行为将会影响您后续购买其他资源的交易价格,了解详情。. ﻮﮑﺴﯿﺳ ﯽاﻫ IOS ﺪوﻠﻨاد http://rapidshare. BIN资源链接,您可以保存到百度云网盘或者下载到电脑硬盘,本站并不保存该资源,请自行判断文件的安全,建议在打开文件之前运行百度杀毒。. //pub/c7600s3223-adventerprisek9-mz. Phiên bản nâng cấp mang tên mã Windows Blue cần khắc phục những nhược điểm như ứng dụng cảm ứng không linh hoạt, thiếu nút Shut down h. bin: 2011-Jan-30 17:34:18: 18. bin ios image supports most of the switch commands. As So Many Users Requested CCNA DUMPS So Here i will given Link This Dumps Is From Actual Test Latest version please Don't waste your time to find Here and There For Any Other Dumps As i get this Dumps From Trusted Source i Am Pretty sure this Dumps Is Enough For CCNA 640-802 Preparation Please share Your Views on this website. bin 2 Cisco 3640 Router | 3600 Series c3640-ik9o3s-mz. 如何导出飞信聊天记录导出为可以阅读的格式 手机飞信聊天记录导出. contain: C1720 C1841 C2610-2613 C2610XM-2613XM C3660 C7200-----Cisco 4500-4700-C4500-C4700-IOS-----c7200 c3660 c3640. 下载说明: 1、推荐使用WinRAR v3. Instalar GNS3. My question was about running openvswitch on the vHswitch Dynamips. bin c3640-is-mz_120-7_t. c1600-sy-mz. Felix_新浪博客,Felix,EIGRP 与OSPF间双向多点重发布实验,设置outlook express收发电子邮件,VLAN间通信,模拟Easy VPN实验,配置静态帧中继,配置动态帧中继(Frame. 03][美河资料发布小组@wisefox][实战新版思科CCNA 640-802视频教程] 4号服务器-VIP资料下载二区\VIP专题教程区. Please note that this page does not. So without talking much here are the link where you can free download Cisco ios image and you can upload or use this ios to the router and as well as in GNS3. bin 2 Cisco 3640 Router | 3600 Series c3640-ik9o3s-mz. zip hxxp://rapidshare. GNS3 c3725-advipservicesk9-mz. سیستم عامل روترها و سویچ های سیسکو را IOS می نامند. You want a bunch of Cisco IOS ROMs to use with GNS3 (my hatred with GNS3, not withstanding) while studying for various Cisco certifications? Here you go!. 3 Full Setup with Tutorials Cisco Packet Tracer good networking simulator introduced by Cisco. Instalar GNS3. شرکت CISCO سیستم عامل CISCO IOS را برای طیف گسترده از تجهیزات شبکه خود. bin - IP/FW/IDS PLUS IPSEC 3DES No, because it is still 12. Pour qu'ils continuent, les dons sont les bienvenus. bin c7200-ik9o3s-mz. bin //pub/c7600s3223-advipservicesk9-mz. bin Network Bulls is offering Cisco Training courses on real Cisco Routers and Switches. File name: c3660-a3jk9s-mz. The move opens the door to adding more apps to the e-reader — something that Barnes & Noble does not support officially. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: