# How Do You Find The Equation Of A Trendline In Google Sheets

setOnLoadCallback (drawChart); function drawChart () { var data = google. You need to leave plenty of space for it to do its thing. When you manually substitute values for the x variable, Microsoft Excel then plots the trendline incorrectly. Now, under the “Text” section, you can see the formatting options. If you find yourself faced with a question that asks you to draw a trend line, linear regression or best-fit line, you are most certainly being asked to draw a line through data points on a scatter plot. Now select the cell C3 in the Dec sheet. How To Insert Trendline In Google Sheets Anta Expocoaching Co Spreadsheet Calculate Home 〉 Spreadsheet 〉 How To Calculate Average In Google Spreadsheet 〉 Currently Viewed You might be providing an extremely valuable service to many, many people. Essentially because it is hard. Every time I created a formula and then grabbed and dragged (or double clicked) that little box in the bottom right of the cell …. Select the range you would like to be on the X axis. The Least Squares Method was proposed by Carl Friedrich Gauss, who was born in the year 1777 and died in 1855. By way of explanation, a CSV file stores data, both numbers and text in a plain text. The ROUNDUP function always rounds up to a specified digit. from another page on your site, via Google search, or by clicking a link on social media). After you have a copy of the Models and Equations template delete the sheets your students will not use in the assignment. Display more digits. Display Formulas Instead of Values in Google Sheets The steps in this article will change a setting in Google Sheets so that your formulas are show instead of the values that those formulas produce. Run the RubricTab script in the. How to set intercept in Google Sheets? Unsolved. Once you have a result, you can use your browser’s Copy feature (usually on its Edit menu) to copy the result. Set Chart Trendline To Transparent. Examples: The Least Squares Method is a statistical procedure for using sample data to find the value of the estimated regression equation. To find the x-intercept of a given linear equation, simply remove the 'y' and solve for 'x'. I’ve discussed linear regression on this blog before, but quite often a straight line is not the best way to represent your data. If you are employed, you should contribute up to your employer match and no more. You can draw it out with your mouse, and Google will. See attached example. If you select Polynomial, enter the order box the highest power for the. Excel, the most popular spreadsheet program, only has it as a menu function so learning to use SORT as a function can be a new experience even to long-time spreadsheet users. In the equation of a straight line (when the equation is written as " y = mx + b "), the slope is the number " m " that is multiplied on the x, and " b " is the y - intercept (that is, the point where the line crosses the vertical y -axis). some aspects of Excel can only be created in Excel for desktop. In this article, we will learn how to get the sum or add cells across multiple sheets in Microsoft Excel. When you use Insert, Chart, XY Scatter, Calc should understand that you want to plot two lines, your data in B and the trend line in C. It is almost a magical way to fill in data that you do not know. Ensure you make it clear to the client what period of time the trend line is covering. Getting Started with Google Sheets. Select the data set for which you wish to calculate area under a curve. Excel will be used to create the values from the equation, will then be used to display a scatter plot of the data, and then will be used to find the best fit for the given data. Have you had this issue or do you have a way to solve this issue? We have searched and searched. If you find yourself using a Calculation item that only adds up all of your order items, consider replacing it with the Running Total item. Do you need to insert symbols in Google Docs? You can choose from Egyptian Hieroglyphs, emoji, Asian and Arabic scripts, arrows, mathematical and scientific symbols, and more. Open the Google Docs app. In this example i have given you only three(3) sheets in in reality i will have about 54 sheets. In either case, in addition to a graph, the plotting tool will also provide a t. ) in a Google Sheet. But don’t worry, if you want to know how to alphabetize in Google Docs then you are at the right place as today we are going to explain a very simple alphabetical order sorter method to short a text list alphabetically. After you have a copy of the Models and Equations template delete the sheets your students will not use in the assignment. In the reaction of 1. Start with today’s date, and continue on down until you think you’ll get rid of the loan (7 years, or when it’s paid off, or whatever you choose). The drawn graphs are sharable. You will also be introduced to the basics of using cell references in formulas. The TEXT Function in Excel The TEXT Function converts a value to text and lets you specify the display formatting by using special format strings. You can edit these features. =LINEST(A1:A5) substitute the range where your data is. Now let y’ = ln y, a’ = ln a and x = t^c, then the equation takes the form y’ = bx + a’. In middle school it seems like we do a lot of equations. A trendline is the smoothed-out version of your line that shows the overall trend in the numbers. All of these applications use best-fit lines on scatter plots (x-y graphs with just data points, no lines). How Do You Make A Dog Stop Whining - Expert Tips & Guide. Using the Keyboard. Simply pop open a new Sheets tab if you're doing a random drawing or trying to find out who is closest to a number in a guessing game. Revision history: View older versions of your document, and choose to “revert to this one” if you choose. Some directories on your machine may be readonly to you - for example if you have downloaded this and run it from the download directory on windows 8 you may not be able to create a file in that directory because of local permission settings. Advanced Search Can this equation be solved by. Double click on the chart and from the chart editor customize tab, draw trendline and equation. Pick 'Moving Average', and set the period to 5. You should contribute toward your KiwiSaver to achieve Finacial independence and include your KiwiSaver amount into your equation. Edit the Excel workbook in Excel and add the trendline there. Laminate the sheets and play with dry or wet erase markers. you learn how to do this, since you won’t have to re-enter your data every time. You should set this to a directory you have permission to create files in. In the SSA worksheet, you will find the 100 most popular given names for male babies born during the last 100 years, from the year 1918 to 2017 ( source ). If you are a teacher that uses Excel as a grading sheet, you might want to find out what your students averages grades and test scores are, as well as what the class maximum and minimum grades are. In fact, you can't even plot a line on top of a scatter plot (or connect points in a scatter plot with a line). I've already taken the formula and. There are two ways. You can do this manually in excel or automatically. Creating simple formulas. The SORT function is typically accessed from the user menu, but it can also be typed into a cell just like any other function. After that, you can open the workbook in Excel online and can see the trendline, but you can't create the trendline in Excel online. Creating a trendline in Excel Online If I am using Excel Online from Office 365, how do I create a trendline from the data I have used to create a scatter plot. How to create an automatically updating Google sheet Tired of finding, copying and pasting data into spreadsheets? With just a few lines of code, you can set up a self-updating spreadsheet in. 1M solution Now use the equation in the video to solve these problems. save hide report. Write the equation of the line, if possible. After you have a copy of the Models and Equations template delete the sheets your students will not use in the assignment. The general formula for a line is y=mx+b, for which m is the slope, b is the y-intercept, x is any x value and y is any y value. It doesn't matter how it is arranged on the spreadsheet - it matters that it is a data series. To delete chart, click down arrow present in the top right corner of the chart and select Delete chart option. If you have two sets of data, and you’d like to use a chart, a second Y-Axis can represent your data on two different scales at the same time. The ROUND function follows the standard rounding rules and rounds to a specified digit. 39 g of acetylsalicylic acid, molar mass 180. Simply change that word to “copy” instead. It seems I did this before, but I just can't find it. To find out more about drinking water in general, you can use these references: The USGS Water Science School. In some cases you will want to just keep it as an XLS document and view/work with it that way. This now displays a scatterplot of your data, shows you the formula of the trendline or line of best fit and shows you the strength of the correlation. First, I don't do Google sheets, but here is the data I'm talking about. This requires some basic calculus facility -- you must be able to integrate an equation and evaluate it at the beginning and end points. Part CExplain how you can use the equation from Part B to determine the total cost of renting the moonbounce for six hours. Creating a Trendline (line of best fit): Under the customize tab find the “trendline” button near the bottom. Google also collects information based on the use of our services. • On the Chromebook, double click the link and the file will open in Google Sheets. How to make an XY Scatter Graph with trendline and equation. Add a trendline. a linear function and how to use regression data to find terms and constants in the equation. The points (An,Cn) will be the desired trend line. In ordinary circumstances, a CSV file is used to transfer data from one application to another. I use a lot of it’s advanced features and formulas in my daily work. Warning: Any more than 3 sheets and you’re susceptible to a repetitive strain injury so it’s best to use the first solution. Id like to create a search macro that can search for the string entered into textbox1. It is almost a magical way to fill in data that you do not know. The answer is something called a trendline. In the case of a linear equation, it can be simplified into the form ax = b where a and b are real numbers, with a ≠ 0. You do not need previous experience with word processing programs or Google to succeed with this course. If you want to get the workbook name only (i. An equation is a statement indicating that two expressions are equal. Beta is then simply the slope of the trendline. You can't rely on a trend line that was generated. Unfortunately, I don't see where Google Sheets gives you the option, which is one reason I don't recommend it for serious data analysis. Check out my article on that topic here. Copy and paste your students names onto the roster tab and enter in your rubric information. By looking at the equation of the trend line, you can determine the y-intercept. It shows the standard trend line for comparison, but you would presumably omit that on your chart. Most teachers need to use a rubric at some point. To add a trendline: Open Google Sheets. Now let y’ = ln y, a’ = ln a and x = t^c, then the equation takes the form y’ = bx + a’. Flashcards. Solution Since the investor is paying $500 into the annuity, the payment must be entered as a negative number in Sheets. To schedule a data refresh, open the Jira Cloud for Google Sheets add-on, click “Refresh Jira Data,” and click “Edit” to select how often you would like your data automatically updated. 432635709E-06*x^3 - 1. You can also insert shapes, arrows, callouts and equations in Google Docs. Adding a Trendline to a Google Sheets Chart (Note: if you want to skip my story and get straight to the Add On I wrote here is a link Trendline Add On Make a copy and run "on install") As a science teacher I have always had my students graph data from a lab activity or experiment. These GAS functions are ready to be used, without the need for an API key. Open the Google Docs app. You will be prompted to authenticate with Google in order to allow the integration to refresh your data while you are offline. 124470848E+04*x - 7. Display more digits. I often use this function to show the day of the week beside a column of dates. This equation will include the slope. This is a great way to create lots of QR codes very quickly and easily!. How do you calculate the payback period? Definition of Payback Period. Integrating Excel with Google Maps and Google Earth, including geoCoding, automatically building data driven web based apps from Excel data, and all things Geo. You'll need to find a way to make your spreadsheet accessible. In this post we will be putting some light on using formulas and functions in Google Docs Datasheet. Now I want to add a corner shape. By looking at the equation of the trend line, you can determine the y-intercept. 12 g/mol, with 2. Compare the general equation of a line to the equation of the trend line. The only problem with this approach is that c is treated as a constant. Following that, you can have Excel calculate the equation for the best straight line through the graph. With clear and concise step-by-step directions, beautifully illustrated lessons with screenshots, and HD Video tutorials, this Google Docs online course will teach you everything you need to know to become a Google Docs power user. Google Docs allows you to make your presentations available for students to review again. Using an Excel worksheet Using Equations Use this guide to help create equations in Microsoft Excel. 1BestCsharp blog 6,427,046 views. You don't have to know the details of how logarithms work, but you will need a calculator or a computer program that can handle logarithms. Google Trends Google apps. If you hover or tap on the chart (in most browsers), you can get a predicted Y value for that specific value of X. This tutorial will use a linear equation to create a table of values for Y when given a set of x values. We have two worksheets ( SSA and Mongabay ) as below. Let’s say you’re analysing traffic trends over a period of 60 days and your best fit quadratic trendline is:. How to Edit the Legend on Google Sheets on PC or Mac. I do the same as above. Google Docs AutoCorrect If you frequently make a mistake when you type a word in Google Docs, you can now ask Google to automatically correct the mistake for you. To do this, open Google sheets and navigate to Add-ons > Get add-ons: Note that in order to use this add on you must have access to the Google Analytics profile that you wish to report on via the Google account you’re using with Google Sheets. Warning: Any more than 3 sheets and you’re susceptible to a repetitive strain injury so it’s best to use the first solution. Google Sheets app allows you to open, view and edit Microsoft Excel files directly on a Chromebook. That will show up in the linear trendline equations that Google Sheets will calculate. Display Formulas Instead of Values in Google Sheets The steps in this article will change a setting in Google Sheets so that your formulas are show instead of the values that those formulas produce. 23 g of salicylic acid, molar mass 138. You will also be introduced to the basics of using cell references in formulas. Also, you can use CHAR(10) function in any free cell and then copy its content. If you know the slope of the line and the y-intercept, you can write it in slope-intercept form. arrayToDataTable ( [ ['Diameter',. The ROUND function follows the standard rounding rules and rounds to a specified digit. Why is it important to treat drinking water via flocculation? What other treatment processes are necessary to create clean and safe drinking water? Bibliography. If you are a regular user of Google Drive, like me, you would find a Google sheet more approachable than all those IoT cloud platforms. The trendline is set to “None” by default. Trendlines, or best fit lines, help reveal linear relationships between variables. Instead, you must use a few different workarounds to calculate the area under a plotted curve. Google Docs AutoCorrect If you frequently make a mistake when you type a word in Google Docs, you can now ask Google to automatically correct the mistake for you. The steps in this article assume that you currently have a Google Sheets file containing at least one formula, and that you would like to be able to view that formula in the cell, rather than the output of that formula. Then use "Goal Seek" to find the X-Value which makes the Y-Value zero. Track edits and changes: In Google Docs you can go back and forth between edits that you or collaborators made. By way of explanation, a CSV file stores data, both numbers and text in a plain text. Share, Protect, and Move Your Data. Open the document, tap the “Pencil” icon and then select the text you wish. How will I do this? I will recommend Google Sheets. Something like you can do in MS Excel when choosing a trend-line and 'checking' the box where it says 'set intercept to = zero'. So in our formula, we want to do that dynamically. Our guide below will show you where to find this option so that you can use it when needed. To schedule a data refresh, open the Jira Cloud for Google Sheets add-on, click “Refresh Jira Data,” and click “Edit” to select how often you would like your data automatically updated. It seems I did this before, but I just can't find it. Most users for which a spreadsheet chart is made will probably not remember what a correlation value means. This template is a 4 point rubric that will help you to score student work against the rubric. Double-click a chart. You can change the form of the trendline equation to match that of the equation above simply by clicking on it, then clicking again to allow you to type into the box. Lines, Graphs, Equations in Google Docs - Duration: 6:27. Discover how to calculate the stochastic oscillator in Excel, and get a web-connected spreadsheet that automatically plots this critical technical indicator. The equation of the line is of particular interest since you can use it to predict points outside your original data set. I hope you’ll find this video useful and an addition to your existing learning of QlikView. All I want is to combine both with no redundant records. Then, once you know the equation of this trendline, you can find the integral. You may have faced the problem of having a chart where some of the data doesn’t exist or it’s entered as zero to represent missing data. You can change colors of drawings, word art and callouts. Under the insert menu in a Google text document is the option to insert an equation. There has been a lot of interest in changing the axes and zooming in on different windows of the graph. So they do give you the equation but you have to make it and it's a little hard to find and it would be very helpful if they put the equation out there. 204157001*x^2 + 5. Set the intercept to the value you suggested in number 3 and format the trend line to forecast backward to zero cubes and forward to 12 cubes. It will prompt the user to make a copy. Step 1 - Preparing to enter an equation - You are ready to build your own function (an equation). Edit the Excel workbook in Excel and add the trendline there. Display Formulas Instead of Values in Google Sheets The steps in this article will change a setting in Google Sheets so that your formulas are show instead of the values that those formulas produce. To do this, open Google Chrome and go to docs. I want to line it up with the edge of the rectangle. What does the Comma Separated Values (CSV) File mean? A CSV file is a text file which contains some data. Thank you very much - I could calculate Expected Return as 16. Right click on your trend line and chose options. Moreover, you can present data in an understandable form. Compare the general equation of a line to the equation of the trend line. You are putting together a report or dashboard and you want to make it simple to understand changes in metrics. Sometimes, you'll need to take it up another level and do logarithmical or semi-logarithmical graphs. You know, I’m pretty confident in my use of Google Sheets. Google Spreadsheet integration: Interprets the date as MM/DD/YYYY instead of DD/MM/YYYY What is JotForm? JotForm is a free online form builder which helps you create online forms without writing a single line of code. Note The trendline formula should only be used when your chart is an XY Scatter chart. A Complete List of Google Sheets Functions. Excel, the most popular spreadsheet program, only has it as a menu function so learning to use SORT as a function can be a new experience even to long-time spreadsheet users. If you want to get the workbook name only (i. If you are employed, you should contribute up to your employer match and no more. Second, I will show you how to do it the long way in google docs. The Least Squares Method was proposed by Carl Friedrich Gauss, who was born in the year 1777 and died in 1855. Comprehensive up-to-date news coverage, aggregated from sources all over the world by Google News. The answer is something called a trendline. And today to share my experiences with you guys, In this post I will throw some light on a few methods that can help you to find out formula cells in your spreadsheets. Find your yodel. Add, Average, and Filter Data with Formulas. The equation displayed for a trendline on an xy (scatter) chart is incorrect. By this method you could get at least as much accuracy as reading values off the graph, and it could then be included in a computer program. How to set intercept in Google Sheets? Unsolved. These are basically labels that describe a part of the chart which may contain more than. One Variable Statistics. save hide report. It doesn't matter how it is arranged on the spreadsheet - it matters that it is a data series. Comprehensive up-to-date news coverage, aggregated from sources all over the world by Google News. The most common method for this approximation is the least square method, where:. News, email and search are just the beginning. I can't copy and paste and then filter 'uniq' because the total data is more than 68000, which is more than. The spreadsheet does have the ability to calculate (within a cell) the slope and intercept of a best-fitting line to a set of data. To choose a trendline type, click the menu next to "Trendline. This equation will include the slope. Q & A Board Gallery Notes and Downloads This Board Research Articles Entire Website using Google. But that doesn't happen with formulas used in conditional formatting. In Google Classroom, attach the Google Sheets Doc with the template, and assign it as make a copy for each student. Adjust the voltage and resistance, and see the current change according to Ohm's law. Below the regular toolbar, you’ll see the equation one. If you are a teacher that uses Excel as a grading sheet, you might want to find out what your students averages grades and test scores are, as well as what the class maximum and minimum grades are. How to remove created chart in Google spreadsheet? Explanation. The following benefits are unique to Google Sheets: Simple sharing is a huge benefit to Google Sheets. Click on Series Check the ‘Trendline box’ and the ‘Show R2’ box. The general formula for a line is y=mx+b, for which m is the slope, b is the y-intercept, x is any x value and y is any y value. I then went to xuru. You can use those features to create a plot that has a trendline. This should agree with the results of the LINEST procedure described in the \Advanced Google Sheets" notes, if you choose to use that utility; if it does not,. To solve a linear equation, you have to isolate for the variable by doing the following steps: Expand (if applicable). To find the y-intercept, remove the 'x' and solve for 'y'. Google Analytics helps them track the performance of contractors’ websites, particularly for mobile users. Google Maps automatically shows you a menu of restaurants, events, and more things to do. This chart plots both the X axis and the Y axis as values. Long-term, thorough review of Google office suite, including Docs, Sheets and Slides, covering basic and advanced usage, real-life examples and test cases, styles, filters, charts, equations, translations, online collaboration, version control, changes tracking, file format conversion quality, media playback, add-ons, some quirks and bugs, and more. The payback period is the expected number of years it will take for a company to recoup the cash it invested in a project. Our guide below will show you where to find this option so that you can use it when needed. In this video, we have different domain names that we may wish to purchase. If you are employed, you should contribute up to your employer match and no more. If by 'lines' you mean a curve (or some other path of changing gradient) then you need to find the derivative of both and equate (prob with respect to x I assume) to find the x value and then back substitute this value into both line equations to find each y value. Google Sheets, Microsoft Excel, etc) by just a simple copy/paste procedure. To draw a trendline on a chart, use the trendlines option and specify which data series to use: google. By looking at the equation of the trend line, you can determine the y-intercept. Google Docs is a free web-based office suite that allows you to create and share your work online. You do not have to build these formulas manually, simply tell Excel to display the trendline equation in a chart. have the intercept be zero and just have a slope. Taking the natural log of both sides of the Arrhenius equation gives. The closer to 1, the better the line fits the data. What conclusions can you draw about the direction of water movement between the bay and the Gulf of Mexico through Ayers Bay? Water flows from San Antonio Bay through Ayers Bay to the Gulf of Mexico. The word processor app is as handy as you want it to be, whether you’re a blogger, writer, journalist, columnist, student, or a project manager working on documentation. Google Spreadsheet has a very useful function called “GOOGLEFINANCE” which allows you to fetch current and historical securities information from Google Finance. ***Post moved by the moderator to the appropriate forum category. Since z1*ln x1 is a known value, this reduces to the form ln y = C3 + z2*ln x2 where C3 = ln C2 + z1*ln x1. Trend-line & show equation for line 1 Recommended Answer In Excel, I can create a scatter plot chart of two columns of data and right-click a point on the chart and make a linear trend-line as well as display the equation of the line on the chart. An equation is a statement indicating that two expressions are equal. com domain). Do this by clicking on the symbol in the menu, then clicking on the slide and dragging the shape to the size you want. See how to do that in Google Sheets with the TREND function. Essentially because it is hard. Select the individual character(s) to be. Includes space to record how to find slope from tables, points & an equation. Right-click on the word, select "AutoCorrect" and pick the most appropriate correction. Since z1*ln x1 is a known value, this reduces to the form ln y = C3 + z2*ln x2 where C3 = ln C2 + z1*ln x1. News, email and search are just the beginning. However, in the current version of Google Spreadsheet, you can’t insert special characters directly using the web application. The closer to 1, the better the line fits the data. You can't rely on a trend line that was generated. Revision history: View older versions of your document, and choose to “revert to this one” if you choose. Select the individual character(s) to be. For some purposes, this may not be a sufficient number of significant figures. Now select the cell C3 in the Dec sheet. Double click on the chart and from the chart editor customize tab, draw trendline and equation. But don’t worry, if you want to know how to alphabetize in Google Docs then you are at the right place as today we are going to explain a very simple alphabetical order sorter method to short a text list alphabetically. If your school has Google Apps for Education (GAfE) here are 5 ways to have students use Google Docs in math: 1) Equation Editor. Instead, you must use a few different workarounds to calculate the area under a plotted curve. A brief intro: The linear trendline equation is made of two excel functions, linked to your dataset. Please email [email protected] The add-on also knows how to solve mathematical problems in Google Docs. Hi! I only know how to automate linear trendlines so this will be the answer scope here. Using the Keyboard. (A+B-Redundant= Uniq complete data). This is a very useful line to use if you believe that the data will continue to follow the pattern in the chart into the future. Google Spreadsheet has a very useful function called “GOOGLEFINANCE” which allows you to fetch current and historical securities information from Google Finance. ” Make sure that the legend (found under chart title) is not set on “none. Moreover, you can present data in an understandable form. The word processor app is as handy as you want it to be, whether you’re a blogger, writer, journalist, columnist, student, or a project manager working on documentation. So they do give you the equation but you have to make it and it's a little hard to find and it would be very helpful if they put the equation out there. What is the percent yield? I found that salicylic acid was the limiting reactant so do I just find the mass from there? 15 mins ago. If you know the equation you want to create a table for, say: Adjust the color/size of the trendline;. Figure out how much you’ll spend on interest with the old loan and the new loan. Second, I will show you how to do it the long way in google docs. You can share your data/results between AnalyStat and other apps (e. Under the insert menu in a Google text document is the option to insert an equation. You should contribute toward your KiwiSaver to achieve Finacial independence and include your KiwiSaver amount into your equation. How do I make it so that the Y-intercept in Google Sheets is at the origin? 1 comment. I mean I want to forecast the sales for the months from October to December. Also, we will discuss the formula to find the slope of a trendline and other coefficients. If they are keen users of Google Sheets, insert comments as hover over disclaimers!. To do this, scroll farther down in the Customize window. and Canada. What does the Comma Separated Values (CSV) File mean? A CSV file is a text file which contains some data. If you use Form+ to create a form, you don’t get all of the features that you do in Google Forms. You can build a website, which will require paying for a domain, hosting, site security, dealing with an internet transaction service, graphic design, content for the website, marketing your website, Search Engine Optimization, and all the other madness that comes with managing a site. This is a great way to create lots of QR codes very quickly and easily!. Check out this quick video to learn how you can add a second Y-Axis to effectively present your data with Google Spreadsheets. Continue Geocoding & Reverse Geocoding Functions In Google Sheets …. In any tab, click on the data select tool to close the chart dialog and choose your data. To add a trendline: Open Google Sheets. In this article, we will learn how to get the sum or add cells across multiple sheets in Microsoft Excel. You know, I’m pretty confident in my use of Google Sheets. The domain names are in column "C. You can find the equations for all Excel trendlines types in this tutorial. Excel, the most popular spreadsheet program, only has it as a menu function so learning to use SORT as a function can be a new experience even to long-time spreadsheet users. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: