Meaning Into Words Student Book Solution

These word problems worksheets are a good resource for students in the 5th Grade through the 8th Grade. They are a good solution for students who have poor handwriting and prefer to use a keyboard. Starting in the 1960s, educators commonly referred to reading disorder as dyslexia, from the Greek word dys , meaning poor or inadequate, and the word lexis meaning words or language. Order the book that is changing the industry’s perspective on translators. The Free Dictionary's Idioms dictionary is the largest collection of English idioms and slang in the world. Only one table is not full. Each person creates a fictional definition for the word and writes it on an index card. Get homework help fast! Search through millions of guided step-by-step solutions or ask for help from our community of subject experts 24/7. Writing Poetry with Second Graders. Basic Meaning of μαθητής The Greek term μαθητής (mathētēs) refers generally to any “student,” “pupil,” “apprentice,” or “adherent,” as opposed to a “teacher. New page colors mean that if an all-white or all-black background isn't for you, it's a snap to change it up. Both languages belong to the Indo-European language family and have numerous cognate terms; these words are not of Sanskrit origin and technically should not be included on this list. Activities Step 1 Provide the student with the list of prefixes and their meanings. If you lack determination, you'll never fulfill your New Year's resolutions. solutions as a class helps students develop mathematics skills and understanding (Grouws 2004). Plan and manage activities to develop a solution or complete a project. Writing a careful paraphrase—that is, putting the meaning of the text into new words—makes you pay close attention to the author's ideas and thereby improves your level of understanding. Organize students into pairs and assign each pair a word. In this lesson, we'll examine the use of transition words to smoothly connect thoughts and ideas. Oct 2, 2019- Miss Alaineus, ("miscellaneous"), A Vocabulary Disaster, inspires vocabulary parades just like in the picture book. This list is borrowed, with some words added from our own experience, from Student's Book of College English by David Skwire and Harvey S. A survey of 20 students was conducted to find out how many books they had read during the past three months (including books for school). A story map is a strategy that uses a graphic organizer to help students learn the elements of a book or story. This 1st grade vocabulary word list is free and printable and comes from an analysis of commonly taught books and state tests. Geometric Progression. There are three books: 1. After computerization, text formatting languages were written. Reinforce the think-alouds with follow-up lessons in the same text or with others. Definition of analysis in the Definitions. Sehen Sie sich das Profil von Petra Müller auf LinkedIn an, dem weltweit größten beruflichen Netzwerk. Claims about solutions or policies usually work hand in hand with claims about fact or definition. Blending — Combining parts of a spoken word into a whole representation of the word. Educate, entertain, and engage with Factmonster. More Word Problems. Basic Arithmetic Student Workbook Take the assessments without the use of the book or your notes along with their definition or explanation as you work. ' 'The chapter reads more like a stand alone essay than a chapter in a book. Many students do indeed find the diagrams helpful in seeing the rela­ tionships among sentence elements. Assistive technology includes technology solutions that are generally considered instructional technology tools, if they have been identified as educationally necessary and documented in the student’s IEP. The Book Has… The Student Is Learning to… • a variety of sentences with up to eight to ten words. Look at these two sentences: Tommy said he was ready for his driving test and would take it in July. Writers don't always use the exact words "problem" and "solution". We're aware that "limit" and "converge" are deep concepts. If it's unclear, try to figure it out by thinking about the meaning of the words you're familiar with, since the unknown word might have a similar meaning. Adaptations for Advanced Students Have the student find additional medical terms containing each suffix, break the medical terms into their components - base word/suffix, and provide a definition for each term. Keeping essential records is a component of this topic and is. General Form for the Equation of a Line: Geometric Mean. Have students design an ABC book of the terms for a group of younger students. Be careful when using the thesaurus. Slots, Constructions, and Meaning : A Grammar for Reading and Writing We do not read words, one by one. debrafrasier. In this case, students would be shown three rectangles, each divided in half, so that the solution of 6 is recognized (see fig. As students raise and ask if the that fits into a definition of. Some of these problems are challenging and need more time to solve. Word Walls, lists of words that follow a particular pattern, are an effective tool for teaching high-frequency words and vocabulary. Number selected (i. One way to encourage students to engage in the style of intellectual exchange you desire is to model good discussion techniques in your own behavior, using language that demonstrates, among other things:. Eighth Grade Spelling Curriculum Sequence. New page colors mean that if an all-white or all-black background isn't for you, it's a snap to change it up. The world's largest digital library. McKeown, Ph. They are able to analyze givens, constraints, relationships, and goals. We are the home to award-winning digital textbooks, multimedia content, and the largest professional development community of its kind. Polya’s First Principle: Understand the problem. Student's Book and Workbook Audio. Each morpheme has a meaning that contributes to our understanding of the whole word. © Macmillan/McGraw-Hill Unit 3 • Great Ideas The Old Southwest Juan Verdades: The Man Who Couldn’t Tell a Lie Accented Syllables Putting It in Writing. a text book for 10+2. MacMillan: New York. Definitions of words meaning sciences: ology words. Thousands of independent booksellers - many of them local bookstores, list their new and used textbooks for sale on our site. Have a contest to name items to be put in a witch's brew. A morpheme is the smallest unit of meaning in the language. Depending on students' reading level, the lengths of chunks can vary. Jane spent $42 for shoes. Word maps - students create a diagram to examine a word they're learning. Each word processing program had its own feature and technique of markup. The teacher types or scans a portion of the article into the text analyzer, a software program that evaluates the reading demand, and the passage is broken down and studied. Dear Student: No one respects hard work more than I do! But I can't change your grade because you have provided no verifiable evidence that you have put more than minimal effort into this paper. Students were looking at the blackboard. Definition A Word Sort is a simple individual or small group activity. Collect and shuffle the cards, and then read all the definitions. It is professional enough to satisfy academic standards, but accessible enough to be used by anyone. Brainstorming is a process for developing creative solutions to problems. book over another. • Notice and use patterns in words (how words sound, look, and mean). The Canon Solutions America Future Authors Project has been a truly rewarding experience. Definition Educator Definition: Readers think about and search the text, and sometimes use personal knowledge to construct meaning beyond what is literally stated. Monthly Reading Books - Sixth Grade Reading Passages for the Entire Month!. Skillsoft is the global leader in corporate learning. How to insert images into word document table - Duration: 7:11. Look at how they are used in context and check their dictionary definitions. Critical Thinking in the Elementary Classroom: Problems and Solutions • 1 Critical thinking has been an important issue in education for many years. It has puzzles and word games, and there are no reading levels. However, for is preferred in certain cases, and I give two examples to illustrate this: A bunch of students are working on a physics problem set in the common room. The following are widely acknowledged as skills that readers use to identify printed words. (Another option might be This book is negatively influential, but that sounds a bit odd to me. And like any skill -- driving a car, baking cookies, playing the guitar -- it requires practice. Solutions: Take breaks; Take notes; Forgetting what you have read Just because you don't have to memorize all of the facts does not mean that you can completely forget everything that you have read. Write a sentence which allows students to guess the meaning through the use of contextual clues. Teachers love giving these problems to beginner students, because they are easy to solve. + V3UNIT TWO ÊDecision MakingàSpontaneous I. Anagnorisis - The moment of recognition or discovery (in a play, movie, etc. In part B, a student must answer 6 of 8 questions and in part C, a student must answer all questions. FREE with a 30 day free trial. We will start off this chapter with a fairly short section with some basic terminology that we use on a fairly regular basis in solving equations and inequalities. In this case, students would be shown three rectangles, each divided in half, so that the solution of 6 is recognized (see fig. An investor who sells into strength expects that the price of an investment will reverse direction in the near future. Adaptive and individualized, Reflex is the most effective system for mastering basic facts in addition, subtraction, multiplication and division for grades 2+. Golden Spiral. Introduce the word. Avoid Dogmatism. A list of familiar 3- phoneme words 1. Knowing the word count of a text can be important. Released on Aug. REVISIT † Use additional activities to revisit important words. They are able to analyze givens, constraints, relationships, and goals. You're writing a paper or texting a friend and have to ask yourself, "Is it affect or effect?. Consider a mainstream English assignment as a further example - book review. A solution of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) can be made into a slime by adding borax solution, which creates cross-links between polymer chains. It means applying general management principles to financial resources of the enterprise. Short essay on reading books. ILA is a global advocacy and membership organization of more than 300,000 literacy educators, researchers, and experts across 86 countries. Each morpheme has a meaning that contributes to our understanding of the whole word. Problem and solution text is often difficult for students to recognize. What follows is a list of hints and helps. Meaning Into Words | Course of Content - Reference Notes Meaning Into WordsDetails to followUNIT ONE ÊI can have + obj. All problems like the following lead eventually to an equation in that simple form. Solution? The teacher might point out and create a chart of difficult words for students to be aware of when they are solving word problems. Discover the new Lexile & Quantile Hub, a convenient online platform that provides you with easy access to more than a dozen new and enhanced reading and mathematics tools. Those who want more control over the look and wording of the template should download a. Sehen Sie sich auf LinkedIn das vollständige Profil an. ELA-Literacy. Have students design an ABC book of the terms for a group of younger students. • some compound words. Proceed to the Hub or remain on the current tool. Symbol Meaning Irritant or harmful • This symbol with the word “harmful” should appear on. A data type is a set of values and a set of operations defined on those values. If you need assistance completing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid or the CSS Profile – or wondering where to start – you’ll find helpful resources below! If your child will be in college for the 2019-2020 school year, you can file the FAFSA and the CSS Profile now. Encourage students to discard unneeded materials so that the folders do not become overly bulky. Hopefully these ideas stir up some practical ways to address gifted students' needs in language arts. Understanding the language in word problems is critical for all students. By identifying story characters, plot, setting, problem and solution, students read carefully to learn the details. These tests measure the same skills and knowledge in ways that make sense for different grade levels, so it’s easier for students, parents, and educators to monitor student progress. Multiple Meaning Words Many standardized tests assess knowledge of words with multiple meanings in the vocabulary section. Adaptations for Beginning Students The student may use the list of suffixes with their meanings as a guide when completing the exercise. • Have students read aloud the words and describe how words in each group are alike and different. What Is the Meaning of Life? To wonder too insistently what ‘the meaning of life’ might be marks you out as being somewhat heavy, weird or just naïve. We provide reference notes for NEB high school science, management and humanities. After buying them she had $10. If it's unclear, try to figure it out by thinking about the meaning of the words you're familiar with, since the unknown word might have a similar meaning. In the language classroom, teachers should strive to balance form, meaning, and use. Below are some examples. First, a solution to an equation or inequality is any number that, when plugged into the equation/inequality, will satisfy the equation. (x + 2)2 + (y + 1)2 = 13. Use Sandra Kaplan's independent study book to generate student-centered projects. [The homework is easy. Develop critical technology skills in K-8 students with Learning. Leverage Smartling to realize translation and localization efficiency gains. Writers don't always use the exact words "problem" and "solution". A good book to look at a person's life past, present and future is "The Giving Tree. Vocabulary Concentration - The following lesson is a great way for student to commit their vocabulary words to memory. Choose from a variety of fun topics! Check out the entire collection of perimeter worksheets here. FREE with a 30 day free trial. What are the two numbers? Solution Let x be the first number. used to refer to a…. The world's largest digital library. We provide lists of homonyms, homophones and homographs, with example sentences, to help you make sense of them. To read multisyllable words the student has to not only process the print phonetically but he needs to learn how to distinguish and group the appropriate sounds together to form the correct syllables and then smoothly combine these correct sound hunks with all the adjacent syllables into one fluid word. Robert Beard All Rights Reserved. Digitization is the process of converting information into a digital format. 2 synonyms of student from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 25 related words, definitions, and antonyms. Be careful when using the thesaurus. The Ultimate Language Resource on the Web. Learning words from a laundry list of vocabulary by covering up the answer and "testing yourself" turns off your brain. 5 Jobs sind im Profil von Petra Müller aufgelistet. Ask students to list words that contain the morpheme sub (e. This 1st grade vocabulary word list is free and printable and comes from an analysis of commonly taught books and state tests. Vocabulary Lotto - For children to easily recognize words from the book or notes. The strengths perspective demands a different way of looking at individuals, families and communities (Saleebey, 1996)–seeking to develop in clients their natural abilities and capabilities. Who We Are. Students should be taught organizational patterns, one at a time, through a series of mini-lessons. Skip Discover Education Main Navigation. I begin introducing and teaching the words only a few weeks after the school year has started. All words are defined by other words, any of which can have a debatable meaning. The words are: cat, cat, hat, fat, rat, sat, and "Can you think of another word that rhymes with at?" "EN" Words Book A book for early readers with words that have the "en" sound, like pen, hen, and when. If you find an answer to a question, both the answer and how you got there is the solution. What does it mean to speak of Jesus as the “Christ”? This word is one of the most important, basic words in a Christian’s vocabulary. Three of those students spent $150, $200, and $225, respectively. class 12 hindi syllabus, class 12 hindi book solution, ncert solution in hindi, hindi class 12 notes, hindi 50marks book, bseb,BSEB,bihar board,. " The second,. Fundamental Theorem of Algebra. Have student classify words using a system other than ABC. Blending — Combining parts of a spoken word into a whole representation of the word. IN YOUR WORDS n order to respond to others, we need to understand their thoughts, but we often read inaccurately and incompletely. Searching for Accelerated Reader books is fun and easy with this free online tool. Discover the new Lexile & Quantile Hub, a convenient online platform that provides you with easy access to more than a dozen new and enhanced reading and mathematics tools. Below is an example of VocabularySpellingCity's differentiated treatment of science words and vocabulary:. If a website is difficult to use, people leave. In so doing, students may be getting an inadequate understanding of fraction division. Their word acquisition begins by listening, and then moves to learning from books and conversation. A data type is a set of values and a set of operations defined on those values. This is probably easiest to explain with examples. Chose four of the following vocabulary words from chapters 4 and 5 and create vocabulary maps. While manipulating the letters, ask students to recall from the book what the new word will be. With BYJU'S study material and solutions of NCERT Science Class 8 Book , students can get the answers to the questions provided in the textbook. Mathematics. Fundamental Theorem of Algebra. VitalSource Bookshelf is the world’s leading platform for distributing, accessing, consuming, and engaging with digital textbooks and course materials. Word problems with normal distribution: “Between”: Steps. Procedure: 1. But we can also teach students how to expand vocabulary into semantic networks by finding synonyms and antonyms in these reference materials as part of their word exploration. No need to wait for office hours or assignments to be graded to find out where you took a wrong turn. Enrich your students' math skills with the Super Teacher Worksheets collection of perimeter worksheets and activities. New orders are original solutions and precise to your writing instruction requirements. The vinegar we sometimes put on salads is a solution of acetic acid (a liquid) and water. The essence of The Word Within the Word Volume Two is that it resumes right where The Word Within the Word Volume One paused, allowing the first year’s exploration of the interior of English vocabulary to be preserved, reinforced, and used as a foundation for important further study of this usually unseen language within words. The context clarifies the meaning of the word, phrase, sentence, etc. Expose students to high-quality oral language 3. Discovery Education's Puzzlemaker: Create your own cross word puzzles!. the SAT, civil service exams, and the GRE—use synonym and antonym questions to test verbal skills. Beck, McKeown, and Kucan (Bringing Words to Life: Robust Vocabulary Instruction, 2002) suggest that a student's vocabulary should increase by 2,000-3,000 words a year. Includes homework help and lesson plans for parents, teachers. - The site is intended for English language students from an intermediate to advanced level. Reading Assessment Techniques. Get homework help fast! Search through millions of guided step-by-step solutions or ask for help from our community of subject experts 24/7. Some students are so afraid of the word “plagiarism” that they do not understand how to eliminate this fear. As students learn new words, they add them to their ring. Click on the button below in order to Order for a New, Original and High-Quality Essay Solutions. Improve your students’ reading comprehension with ReadWorks. More benefits: These interventions work with kids of all ages3 to 83. Have students copy the words into their journal or personal dictionary. Skimming is a short-term memory activity; slowing down and thinking about the text can place information in long-term memory. "We asked teachers to bring in two or three of their favourite books. Onderzoeksportaal. LiveText by Watermark is a leading provider of campus-wide solutions for strategic planning, assessment and institutional effectiveness. The online etymology dictionary is the internet's go-to source for quick and reliable accounts of the origin and history of English words, phrases, and idioms. Choose an unusual word from the dictionary and spell it for your students. 25 seconds, which is 205 seconds. RSMeans data is North America's leading construction estimating database available in a variety of formats. (Call on a student) What does the word constructing mean? Repeat for remaining words. Interestingly, students do not feel that use of information technology in classes greatly increases the amount of time engaged with course activities (3. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. Powell's is an independent bookstore based in Portland, Oregon. Our users say: I think that this is a great website!! It has helped me bring my math grade up to an A+ instead of a B+. A word may also appear in different categories. 7, 2019, rock band Tool's titular single from their new album Fear Inoculum currently holds the title, clocking in at a length of 10 minutes and 23 seconds. This is the most effective way of making Scripture a part of your thought patterns. com is dedicated to providing revolutionary ways for students and parents to learn math. Get homework help fast! Search through millions of guided step-by-step solutions or ask for help from our community of subject experts 24/7. What does it mean to blend sounds together? Once students know several common sounds, such as s, m, a, t, n, it is time to help students blend those sounds together into simple words. Once the meaning difference between lay and lie is understood, the spelling falls into place. Ten years later, he proposed that teams could double their creative output with brainstorming (Osborn, 1963). Learn how to create a fillable PDF form with Adobe Acrobat DC. With Box, you get a single place to manage, secure, share and govern all of the content for your internal and external collaboration and processes. com is the world’s leading online source for English definitions, synonyms, word origins and etymologies, audio pronunciations, example sentences, slang phrases, idioms, word games, legal and medical terms, Word of the Day and more. such a substance, as dissolved sugar or salt in solution. ” Councilwoman Priscilla Tyson Touting Columbus to Inspire African Nations; Call & Post. Remember that the SAT is not a race. She said that sharing the city’s experiences was a way to help other countries with their own government reforms. The words' absence chains you to the present, to what's accepted. Below is the solution for the question: " Get Into Gear? " from the The Sun 2 Speed Crossword No 002573 date October 29, 2019. No Prep PDF Worksheets and everything a teacher needs to help kids learn. A solution of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) can be made into a slime by adding borax solution, which creates cross-links between polymer chains. rahmat maulana 21,036,325 views. Below are some examples. The Structured Literacy curriculum includes the study of base words, roots, prefixes, and suffixes. " "All the parents at the pool were sitting in the coolenz to try to stay cool. SolutionInn is an emerging online educational portal where it has been made easy for students to find and hire specific tutors for specific questions, homeworks and projects assistance. Try Chegg Study today!. Her eyes and tone of voice say she wants an answer now. You will be taken to the Sign in page. The vast majority of words in the Hebrew language can be boiled down to a three-consonant root word that contains the essence of the word's meaning. An Example C++ Class. The introductory paragraph of any paper, long or short, should start with a sentence that peaks the interest of readers. I requested him to see that picture. Each table holds 2 people. Tell your partner the meaning of the word constructing. The noun resolution has a few related meanings having to do with being firmly determined about something. Handmade Books: Students can create short books about the words they have learned. The foldable activity will give students real time experience sorting examples of mixtures and solutions. • Know a large core of high-frequency words. You write the actual definition on another index card. Find another word for student. WordReference has two of its own dictionaries plus those of Collins. Use Wordificator to convert your favorite words and quotes into typographic artwork. The hardest thing about doing word problems is using the part where you need to take the English words and translate them into mathematics. See how the power of Intuit Giants can work for you by joining the over ~50 million people already using TurboTax, QuickBooks and Mint to power their financial prosperity. The words are used over and over in each succeeding lesson. —used as a function word to indicate entry, introduction, insertion, superposition, or inclusion; to the state, condition, or form of…. Begin with the morpheme un, meaning not. The 21st century learning skills are often called the 4 C’s: critical thinking, creative thinking, communicating, and collaborating. Grade 7 math word problems with answers are presented. Equal is being treated with the same respect regardless of gender. This book is designed for use by PreK-12 preservice and inservice teachers, and by teachers of these teachers. Identifying these words will help students understand that there is a relationship between two things (most often a comparison). : a correct answer to a problem, puzzle, etc. Say the word again and clap for each syllable. For example, /p/ /oo/ /l/ can be blended. Letter cards 3. Though we recognize the importance of both word recognition and word meaning, the emphasis of this book will be on word meaning. a homogeneous, molecular mixture of two or more substances. While manipulating the letters, ask students to recall from the book what the new word will be. Proficient students are able to explain the meaning of a problem and look for entry points to its solution. Our list of words is composed of both high frequency and sight words. You can also refer to my daily blog, Dr. For the Library Support current trends, timely topics, award winners and more. You can check your reasoning as you tackle a problem using our interactive solutions viewer. Thousands of independent booksellers - many of them local bookstores, list their new and used textbooks for sale on our site. Solution definition is - an action or process of solving a problem. After computerization, text formatting languages were written. McKeown, Ph. It means applying general management principles to financial resources of the enterprise. I hesitate. But find out just how creative you are with our interactive quiz. " With first graders, it's good to get them active in their learning. Word maps - students create a diagram to examine a word they're learning. A thesaurus is like a dictionary except that it groups words within constellations of meaning. Introduction The emphasis for this lesson is school, either gradeschool, secondary school, or at a university, and what you do or find there. We sweat over them. If you or your child has trouble reading or suffers from dyslexia, the ChromaGen lens technology may be your solution. Have student classify words using a system other than ABC. In other words, the right emotional trigger words take the same basic message to all new heights. Letter cards 3. The first approach wants to hear what God is saying, while the second comes with an already-formed idea and wants to find Scripture to back it up. Vocabulary Activities for Extended Student Practice Allow students to provide their own examples of the word use. Each word listed as a synonym for the word you’re looking up may have its own unique connotations or shades of meaning. To illustrate the difference, imagine the following situation. used to refer to a…. Difficult Words and Their Usages This is a new section which will attempt to throw some light on the more Difficult Words in the English language. Using a personalized approach to teaching and learning, Connect is powered by adaptive technologies so your students learn more efficiently, retain more and achieve better outcomes and you can provide the engagement and expertise for more "aha" moments. Solution? The teacher might point out and create a chart of difficult words for students to be aware of when they are solving word problems. Previous versions include Word 2016, Word 2013, Word 2010, Word 2007, and Word 2003. Analyze and clarify language. Don’t settle for lightning bugs on a clear summer night when you could be shooting for the stars. Teaching techniques. If you want to read the Notes then open each links and read on detail. Students will be able to read more fluently if they have learned to recognize sight words instantly. For example, because the healthcare system does not adequately assist Americans (argue that this is a fact), they should be reformed (argue for the solution/policy). The word Holocaust is derived from the Greek holokauston, a translation of the Hebrew word ʿolah, meaning a burnt sacrifice offered whole to God. It involves overcoming obstacles by generating hypo-theses, testing those predictions, and arriving at satisfactory solutions. ) Students identify the meaning and properties of each word and then "sort" the list into collections of words with similar features. SQL stands for Structured Query Language. Book Adventure is an interactive reading assessment, management and rewards program. Her eyes and tone of voice say she wants an answer now. We will only look at the case of two linear equations in two unknowns. Students must try to guess which definition is the real one. That Hitler rose to power in a democracy which had a structure similar to that of modern democracies. Solutions and Mixtures Foldable SOL 5. What is another word for put into action? Need synonyms for put into action?Here's a list of similar words from our thesaurus that you can use instead. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: